Article 3414

Title of the article

                             EFFECTS OF TOPOGRAPHY ON THE SHELL VARIABILITY OF CHONDRULA                                    TRIDENS (PULMONATA, ENIDAE)


Malashenko Tatjana Andreevna, Student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),
Komarova Ekaterina Valentinovna, Postgraduate student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),
Stojko Tamara Grigorievna, Candidate of biological sciences, professor, sub-department of zoology and ecology, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),

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Background. Studies of the variability of shells in micro gradient parameters of the environment in the rugged ravines area can explain appearance of the morphological changes and evolutionary developments.
Materials and methods. The authors studied the conhiological parameters in local scale (the bottom of the ravine, the slope, the placer) in Ukhtinka, and species composition and spatial structure of the community of terrestrial mollusks in three closely spaced, but different habitat of steppe.
Results. The authors determined a species composition of the terrestrial mollusks in steppe biocoenosis and indicators of the shell species Ch. tridens in local scale (the bottom of the ravine, the slope, the placer).
Conclusions. Xerophilious species Ch. tridens is one of the dominates in the community of the terrestrial mollusks. In the ravines, where humification is higher due to high humidity and development of meadow vegetation, Ch. tridens are larger with a more open mouth and reduction of the most variable teeth. The article discusses the possible causes of variability of Ch. tridens in the north-west of Penza region.

Key words

terrestrial mollusks, Chondrula tridens, variability, conchological signs, topography.

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Дата создания: 19.03.2015 10:17
Дата обновления: 28.04.2015 11:24